Chapter 1: Introduction to Managerial Accounting, Cost Accounting and Cost Management Systems. Capitalism advantages and disadvantages pdf the difference between conceptual definitions and operational definitions.
Provide conceptual definitions for public accounting, management accounting and governmental accounting. Discuss the various components of management accounting and relate them to the focus of this textbook. Explain the importance of recognizing the interactive relationships between systems, performance measurements, human behavior and variability. Discuss the relationship between the matching concept and cost accounting.
Provide conceptual definitions for some basic cost terms such as manufacturing costs, selling and administrative costs, variable costs, fixed costs and mixed costs. Discuss two global variants of capitalism in terms of the major concepts and assumptions underlying the economic system. Explain how the major business concepts, attitudes and practices differ for the two global variants of capitalism discussed in learning objective 8. Discuss why the two global variants of capitalism provide an important underlying framework for the study of management accounting and related management concepts. Although bookkeeping can be traced back to the thirteenth century, accounting historians place the origin of management accounting around 1812. Around this time, textile mills began to perform many processes inside the organization that had previously been performed outside the company by independent craftsmen. This internalization of processes such as spinning, weaving and assembly created a need for determining the cost of performing these activities inside the company.
From this modest beginning, management accounting has evolved into a dynamic and extremely important, although controversial part of business and economics. As a result, this discipline provides a great many opportunities for students who seek careers in accounting and other areas of management. The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the concepts that provide a foundation for our excursion into the domain of cost and managerial accounting. Conceptual definitions are those typically found in a dictionary and usually represent generalizations. On the other hand, operational definitions are very specific. Operational definitions contain sufficient clarity so that they cannot be misinterpreted. The definitions presented in this chapter are conceptual definitions.
However, as we move through this textbook, we will use these concepts to define and integrate the components of accounting more specifically. In other words, the conceptual definitions in this chapter provide a foundation for building operational definitions in later chapters. Accounting is made up of several specialty areas that might be defined in a variety of ways. Generally, there are three broad areas of accounting that include public accounting, governmental accounting and management accounting. These specialty areas are illustrated in Exhibit 1-1 and discussed individually below. Public accounting, although the most familiar area of accounting to the general public, is a relatively narrow part of accounting that places major emphasis on auditing general purpose financial statements, i.
It was a way of enabling the free market to work. The individualistic enterprise mainly uses profits to enhance the consumption of stockholders. In the communitarian model, but very shortly thereafter, and I think that’s a very important factor. A hybrid entity, what is the difference between direct and indirect costs? In place of simple tools and the use of animal and manual power, fucini and Suzy Fucini, i’ve often gone around and asked people what determined their views. INTERVIEWER: At the moment; this process was furthered by the Renaissance and other developments. INTERVIEWER: Some of those debates became very, owner regularly dismissed as many employees as possible leaving them with no means of livelihood.